Urogynecology is a branch of obstetrics and gynecology specializing in the care of women with dysfunction of the pelvic floor. Pelvic floor dysfunction occurs when women have weakened pelvic muscles or tears in the connective tissue, which may cause pelvic organ prolapse, bladder control problems, or bowel control problems.
Bladder control symptoms can include the inability to hold urine long enough to reach the restroom (urge incontinence), frequent urination during the day and night (urge frequency), and urine leakage caused by increased abdominal pressure (stress incontinence). Pelvic organ prolapse is the dropping of the bladder, urethra, cervix, and rectum caused by the loss of normal support of the vagina.
Although pelvic floor dysfunction is more common in women as they get older, it is not “just a normal part of aging” and effective treatment options are available, both surgical and non-surgical. Some of the available evaluation and treatment options include: